Policy Partnership on Food Security
Food security has become an increasing concern among many APEC economies due to rising food prices and periods of price volatility. APEC economies are faced with challenges related to the supply and demand for food.
On the demand side, economies must feed a global population that will reach an estimated 9.7 billion in 2050. Income growth and urbanization have also resulted in changing food consumption patterns in the Asia-Pacific.
On the supply side, constraints to natural resources will become more stringent in the coming years, adversely impacting crops and aquaculture yields as well as the capacity to expand food production, such as fishing in the wild.
Agricultural land per capita is projected to decline from its 2012 level of 0.22 hectares to 0.18 hectares in use per person in 2050, while the proportion of the population living in urban areas is projected to rise from 50 per cent to 70 per cent. In addition, increased cycles of adverse weather conditions associated with climate change will cause yield declines for some important staple food crops, particularly rice, wheat and fish products.
APEC members recognize that in the absence of any policy intervention, the cost of food could rise substantially due to increasing demand and reduced production.
In response, the APEC Policy Partnership on Food Security (PPFS) was established in 2011 to strengthen public-private cooperation to address food security issues in the region.
The ministers of APEC economies responsible for agriculture and food met for the first time in Niigata, Japan, in 2010 and issued the Niigata Declaration on APEC Food Security—the first comprehensive APEC plan for promoting regional food security.
Subsequent APEC ministerial meetings on food security were held biennially in Kazan, Russia (2012), Beijing, China (2014), and Piura, Peru (2016), which led to the Kazan Declaration, the Beijing Declaration and the Piura Declaration which outline APEC’s new plans for tackling food security.
Last page update: September 2018
The latest Policy Partnership on Food Security Meeting (PPFS12) was held on 5 August 2018 during APEC Food Security Week in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.
At the meeting, PPFS members provided updates on their domestic policies to achieve food security and initiatives involving private sector participation relative to “Promoting Food Security in APEC Region” which is one of the key areas under thematic priorities of Papua New Guinea’s host year (Priority 2: Promoting Sustainable and Inclusive Growth) that links directly with the work of APEC economies for implementing the APEC Food Security Roadmap Towards 2020.
In this context, this 2018 the PPFS is focusing on three thematic areas:
- Promoting food security and sustainable agriculture using information communications technology (ICT) to respond to climate change
- Promoting the participation of women in agriculture and fisheries
- Sustainable fisheries management and development
The meeting also took stock of the progress made towards the Multi-year Action Plan on Food Security and Climate Change (MYAP) and the Action Plan on Rural-Urban Development to Strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth. There was a general consensus that activities should leverage on collaborating cross-fora partnerships through multi-stakeholder platforms and public-private engagement.
Papua New Guinea, as the 2018 Chair of the PPFS, introduced a new initiative—on Women in Agriculture and Fisheries (WiAF)—to identify and explore innovative ways to address challenges and opportunities increase the participation of women in these sectors.
A Policy Dialogue was held in advance of PPFS12 (4 August) to acknowledge the important role of women in agriculture and fisheries and the need to create an enabling environment for equal participation in economic activities.
Actions for WiAF empowerment include leadership development, education and capacity building, networking and financial inclusion, application of ICT, and stronger public-private partnership.
This year’s APEC Food Security Week (FSW) was held during 4–9 August 2018 under the theme “Engaging in Productive and Sustainable Food Systems.”
FSW 2018 comprised of several activities:
- Food security sub-fora meetings
- PPFS Policy Dialogue (WiAF)
- ABAC Food Security Symposium
- PPFS Seminar on enhancing market entry for MSMEs (self-funded by Japan)
- Agriculture and Fisheries Food Shows.
PPFS12 culminated with the hosting all APEC’s food security groups for the Second the Joint ATCWG-HLPDAB-OFWG-PPFS Meeting on 9 August 2018, to provide updates on the ongoing and future work plans and to promote cross-fora collaboration
The next PPFS meeting will take place in Santiago, Chile, during SOM1 in February/March 2019.
Activities for 2018:
The PPFS aims to conduct activities and projects to meet the objectives of the 2018 priorities. Possible projects include:
- A High Level Symposium on Food Losses and Waste Reduction (cross-collaboration with ATCWG) (M SCE 02 2013A, Chinese Taipei)
- Assessing and stocktaking on economy-level policies relating to sustainable and climate resilient agriculture, fisheries, and aquaculture (PPFS 01 2018, Papua New Guinea and MYAP Core Team)
- A meeting on Reducing Food Waste by Using Information and Communications Technology and Innovative Technologies (PPFS 02 2018, Japan)
- A Workshop on Sharing Information on Best Practices and Policies on Women Participation in Agriculture and Fisheries to Enhance Food Security and Sustainable Livelihoods in the APEC Region (PPFS 03 2018, Papua New Guinea)
- Efficient and sustainable use of water for agriculture under the new climate scenarios as a contribution to food security (PPFS 04 2018, Chile)
- Research on regulatory environment within APEC economies and its impact on trade in services in food value chains (APEC Policy Support Unit and New Zealand)
Notable Ongoing PPFS Frameworks
Multi-year Framework on Food Security and Climate Change
The Multi-year Framework seeks to promote a coordinated regional effort for addressing the closely linked challenges of food security, development, and climate change adaptation and mitigation.
Utilizing APEC’s existing infrastructure, the program is expected to be a joint effort of multiple APEC working groups, including the Policy Partnership on Food Security, the Agricultural Technical Cooperation Working Group, and the Oceans and Fisheries Working Group to foster cooperation among policy and technical-level experts on the food security – climate change relationship.
APEC food security groups also have the opportunity to partner with and utilize the related expertise of the Policy Partnership on Science, Technology, and Innovation (PPSTI) and the APEC Climate Center. The program also intends to engage and draw upon expertise from the private sector, academia, and other regional and global multilateral organizations.
The objectives of the framework are to:
- Enhance the capacities of APEC economies in developing and disseminating approaches to addressing the food security – climate change relationship
- Increase knowledge of adaptation, mitigation and sustainably increasing productivity and incomes through targeted capacity building activities
- Utilize the current APEC structure to provide APEC economies a means to better share experiences and promotes cooperation in the development of approaches to addressing the food security – climate change relationship, based on identified capacity gaps.
Strategic Framework on Rural – Urban Development to Strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth
The strategic framework aims to enhance rural – urban development linkages to advance food security and inclusive growth, which will benefit both rural and urban areas. Developing such linkages will require a comprehensive approach while taking into consideration of a variety of factors such as farming typology, sustainable development, place-based approach, inclusive value chains, and gender and social inclusion.
The objectives of the framework are to:
- Improve the farm and off-farm income of farmers and fishers through capacity building, diversifying crops and improving infrastructure, trade facilitation, financing, and better connectivity
- Conserve and enhance natural resources and promote their sustainable use by applying policies for their integrated management to areas such as soil, biodiversity, forestry, marine and aquatic resources, and landscapes—particularly in response to climate change and natural disasters
- Close the gaps in access to services between rural and urban areas by improving the quality of social infrastructure, rural social capital and fostering the welfare of vulnerable populations, such as the poor, the ageing, women and the youth
- Promote urban–rural administrative efficiency through approaches that emphasize inter-institutional management, multisector and multi-level coordination and cross-cutting development policies
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The long-term goal is the attainment of a regional food system structure by 2020 which will provide APEC member economies with lasting food security, as well as enhance their food supply efficiency and provide more affordable food for lower income consumers.
Through the APEC Food Safety Cooperation Forum and together with the APEC Sub-Committee on Standards and Conformance, APEC is working to enhance food safety standards and food testing capacities in the region through laboratory training
Together with the APEC Agricultural Technical Cooperation Working Group, APEC is strengthening public-private partnerships to reduce food losses in the supply chain (an initiative led by Chinese Taipei).
Dr Vele PAT LLA'AVA
Secretary of the Department of Agriculture and Livestock, Papua New Guinea
Mr Brown KONABE
Director of Food Security, Department of Agriculture and Livestock, Papua New Guinea
Mr Krirkbhumi CHITRANUKROH